To be covered
APA citations and references
– In-text citations
– Post-text references
Presentation: APA citations and references
Basic guide to APA
Task: when to cite and, how to cite
Task: APA comprehension test
More information on APA
- Reading-to-Write: “Silk Road”
– Background information on the subject
– Reading, annotation and highlighting skills
– Referencing skills
– Essay organisation and outlining skills
“Silk Road” source texts
Task: comprehension and paraphrasing
Essay outline sheet
“Silk Road” model outline and essay
The Silk Road
Source: Castelo, S. (2014) The Silk Road. https://youtu.be/vn3e37VWc0k
Remember: press “CC” to turn “Subtitles” on. Duration: 05:11
- With APA, there are “in-text” citations and “post-text” references.
So, if you use information from a source like Steven Pinker’s “The Language Instinct”, using APA style, you would cite it in the text like:
(Pinker, 1994) or Pinker (1994) or Pinker (1994, p. 75)
and reference it at the end like:
Pinker, S. (1994). The Language Instinct. London: Penguin.
(SURNAME, YYYY) this is the default option:
…end of sentence (Smith, 1988).
…end of sentence (Adams & Almansouri, 2013).
(ORGANISATION, YYYY) use if there are no author details:
…end of sentence (UNDP, 1988).
…end of sentence (IMF, 2013).
(TITLE, YYYY) use if source has no author/organisation details:
…end of sentence (Liquid Gold, 1988).
…end of sentence (Trade Imbalances, 2013).
(SURNAME, ??) if source has no date use n.d. “No Date”:
…end of sentence (Jones & Marsden, n.d.).
…end of sentence (World bank, n.d.).