“Desertification” – The Structure of a Cause/Effect Essay
Session 2 “Oil spills” – Background information on the Midterm exam’s subject
Deepwater Horizon was an ultra-deepwater, offshore drilling rig located in the Gulf of Mexico. On 20 April 2010, an uncontrollable blowout caused an explosion on the rig that killed 11 workers. The fire was inextinguishable and, two days later the Horizon sank, leaving the well gushing at the seabed and causing the largest oil spill in U.S. waters.
متحمس [adjective] Having or showing strong enjoyment and/or interest in something.
— Khaled was very enthusiastic during his presentation and this is key reason for its sucess. Synonyms: energetic, passionate.
إيماء [noun/verb] verb: ges•ture [noun] A movement of part of the body, especially a hand or the head, to express an idea or meaning.
[verb] To make a gesture.
— Alex made a gesture to say thank-you.
— Alia gestered meaningfully with her hands for everyone in the audience to be quiet. Synonyms: signal, sign, motion, indication, gesticulation, show.
وضعة [noun] verb: pos•ture A position of a person’s body when standing or sitting.
— He stood in a flamboyant posture with his hands on his hips. Synonyms: pose, strike an attitude, attitude, stance, standpoint, point of view, opinion, position, frame of mind.
ترتيل [noun] The rise and fall of the voice in speaking, especially the pitch pattern of a sentence, which distinguishes kinds of sentences or speakers of different language cultures.
— She spoke English with a strong Arabic intonation.
متماسك [noun/verb] [noun] The arrangement of and relations between the parts or elements of something complex; the organising of sentences into paragraphs and, paragraphs into an essay.
[verb] To construct or arrange something according to a plan.
— The two sentences have equivalent structures.
— The programme is structured around exams and projects. Synonyms: Arrange, Compose, Construct, Design, Form, Organise, Order, Shape.
It is important to use highlighter pens when annotating source texts. Using a number of colours is advantageous because one can be used for say ‘background information’, another for ’causes’ and another for ‘solutions’.
In addition, paper and pencils are essrntial tools too.
It is important to have headphones so that you can listen to instructional videos at your own pace. This enables you to replay sections of a given video and focus on the pronunciation of key phrases, terms and words.
Dictionaries are far more than translation tools. And yes, online tools are great but nothing is better than a physical dictionary. Dictionaries such as “Oxford Wordpower” are highly recommended as they provide clear English definitions and Arabic translations as well as examples and associated words. This particular dictionary also highlights the “3,000 most important and useful words to know in English.”
Keep it Simple: Concentrate on your Core Message When planning your presentation, you should always keep in mind what is the key point and purpose of it.
Start Strongly The beginning of your presentation is crucial. You need to grab your audience’s attention at the outset.
Show your Passion and Connect with your Audience It is hard to be relaxed and be yourself when you are nervous. But reseqarch shows that the most important thing is to connect with your audience, and the best way to do that is to be passionate.
Focus on your Audience’s Needs Your presentation needs to be built around what your audience is going to get out of the presentation. Make it compelling.
Smile and Make Eye Contact with your Audience This sounds very easy, but body language is one of the most important aspects.
When you write these descriptions consider the following: (1) What is being depicted? (2) The number of things (3), their size, (4) position and (5) colour.
Describe the skyscrapers in the picture below
In your description please try and “round” some of the numbers (e.g. “828m”“just under 830 metres”); compare the years in which they were built (“…the newest”; “…older than…” etc.) and also, mention the location of each of the buildings.
A good descriptive report will have a minimum of three paragraphs: an introduction, one paragraph that describes the differences and one paragraph that describes the similarities and the ways in which the two things are exactly the same.
When you are given feedback on your written work, teachers normally use symbols (رموز) and abbreviations (الاختصارات) such as the red ones below:
By understanding these “error correction codes”, you will become more aware of the common errors/mistakes you make when writing in English. This knowledge can improve your overall English writing abilities.