CMS format & style guide

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) is used in some social science publications and most historical journals. It remains the basis for the Style Guide of the American Anthropological Association and the Style Sheet for the Organization of American Historians. In distinction to the APA format, CMS offers writers a choice of several different formats and actually permits the mixing of formats, provided that the result is clear and consistent. It also provides a comprehensive formatting and styling guide (the layout and structure of your writing) and additionally covers, inter alia, plagiarism, language tone, construction of tables and graphs. chicago-style-logo

Take a look at the two article extracts below, both use the CMS reference format.

Alexander, James. “The Four Points of the Compass,” Philosophy, 87, no.1(2012):79-107.
Donahue, T. J. “Terrorism, Moral Conceptions, and Moral Innocence,” The Philosophical Forum, 44, no.4(2013):413–435.


Presentation & Guide Self-study materials
01. CMS referencing presentation
This presentation covers the purpose and importance of referencing—paraphrasing, short and long quotes—and the basics of the CMS notes-bibliography format.

CMS referencing presentation

01. Plagiarism check-list
This task will test your knowledge about plagiarism in writing (i.e. what is, and what is not, considered to be plagiarism in academic writing contexts).

Plagiarism check-list

02. CMS referencing guide
In line with the CMS notes-bibliography style, this document provides some introductory information on referencing, [in-text] footnotes/endnotes and [post-text] bibliographic conventions.

CMS referencing guide

02. Referencing & Paraphrasing
This document contains a number of tasks. The first involves finding and correcting some mistakes in a number of notes and bibliographic entries. The second provides some paraphrasing practice.

Tasks: Referencing & Paraphrasing

Sample document format
The pages below show a sample document using CMS note-bibliography format.
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Source: Diana Hacker (Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2007).