Resources on writing

Resources Research skills Authentic sources Concordance tools

General speaking English for Academic Purposes (EAP) prepares non-native English speakers (NNES) for academic study at university level. Language skills addressed include: listening comprehension, fluency development, oral intelligibility, reading, grammar, writing, and vocabulary development.

EAP can also include note taking skills, academic vocabulary usage, critical reading and writing, research and library skills and the conventions of formal academic writing.

Constructing an Article “Abstract”

eap_abstract_example_page-1

eap_abstract_example_page-2

Topic Sentences

What is the topic sentence?
The topic sentence is the first sentence in a paragraph.

What does it do?
It introduces the main idea of the paragraph.

How do I write one?
Summarise the main idea of your paragraph. Indicate to the reader what your paragraph will be about.

Example:
There are three reasons why the United Kingdom is one of the best countries in the world. First, the UK has an excellent health care system. All British citizens have access to medical services at a reasonable price. Second, the UK has a high standard of education. Students are taught by well-trained teachers and are encouraged to continue studying at university. Finally, the UK’s cities are clean and efficiently managed. cities in the United Kingdom have many parks and lots of space for people to live. As a result, the UK is a desirable place to live.

Selected Bibliography

Selected Bibliography

1. Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages

Bailey, K. (2006). Language teacher supervision: A case based approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Blaz, D. (2006). Differentiated instruction: A guide for language teachers. Larchmont, NY: Eye on Education.

Brown, H. (2001). Teaching by principles: An interactive approach to language pedagogy (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Pearson/Longman.

Brindley, S. (1994). Teaching English. Open University Press.

Burn, A. and Richards, J. (Eds.). (2009). The Cambridge guide to second language teacher education. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Carter, R. and Nunan, D. (Eds.) (2001). The Cambridge Guide to Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages. Cambridge: Canbridge University Press.

Celce-Murcia, M (Ed.). (2001). Teaching English as a second or foreign language (3rd ed.). Boston: Heinle.

Gregory, G.H. & Chapman, C. (2007). Differentiated instructional strategies: One size doesn’t fit all (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Hadley, A.O. (2001). Teaching language in context (3rd ed). Boston: Heinle.

Harmer, Jeremy. (2007). The Practice of English Language Teaching (4th ed.) Harlow: Longman.

Hedge, T. (2000). Teaching and Learning in the Language Classroom. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lightbown P. and Spada, N. (2006). How Languages are Learned (3rd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McCarthy, M. (2001). Issues in Applied Linguistics. Cambridge: Canbridge University Press.

Mesthrie, R., Swann, J., Deumert, A. and Leap, W. (2000). Introducing sociolinguistics. Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins Publishing Co.

Nunan, D. (2004). Task-based language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Richards, J. and Renandya, W. (Eds.). (2002). Methodology in language teaching: An anthology of current practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Widdowson, H. (2003). Defining Issues in English Language Teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

2. Curriculum and Course Development

Brown, J.D. (1995). The elements of language curriculum: A systematic approach to program development. Boston, MA: Heinle.

Erickson, H. L. (2002). Concept-based curriculum and instruction: Teaching beyond the facts. Thousands Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, Inc.

Graves, K. (Ed.). (1996). Teachers as course developers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Graves, K. (2000). Designing language courses: A guide for teachers. Boston, MA: Heinle & Heinle.

Jacbobs, H. H. (Ed.) (2010). Curriculum 21: Essential education for a changing world. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.

Jacbobs, H. H. (Ed.) (2010). Getting results with curriculum mapping. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.

Richards, J. C. (2001). Curriculum Development in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

3. Language Assessment

Bailey, K.M. (1998). Learning about language assessment: Dilemmas, decisions, and directions. Boston, M.A.: Heinle & Heinle Publishing Company.

Blaz, D. (2001). A collection of performance tasks and rubrics. Larchmont, NY. Eye on Education.

Brown, J.D. (2005). Testing in language programs. New York: McGraw Hill.

Brown, J.D. (2004). Language assessment: Principles and classroom practices. New York, NY: Pearson/Longman.

Brown, J.D. (1998). New ways of classroom assessment. Alexandria, VA: TESOL.

Coombe, C., Folse, K. Hubley, N. (2007). A practical guide to assessing English language learners. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.

O’ Malley, J. M., & Pierce, L. (1996). Authentic assessment for English language learners: Practical approaches for teachers. New York, NY: Longman.

Popham, W.J. (2010). Everything school leaders need to know assessment. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.

Schipper, B., & Rossi, J. (1997). Portfolio in the classroom: Tools for learning. York, ME: Stenhouse Publishers.

4. Reading skills

Aebersold, J. and Field, M. (1997). From Reader to Reading Teacher: Strategies for Second Language Classrooms. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Carrell, P., Devine, J. and Eskey, D. (Eds.) (1988). Interactive Approaches to Second Language Reading. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Day, R. (Ed.). (1993). New ways in teaching reading. Alexandria, VA: TESOL.

Fountas, I. and Pinnell, G. (2001). Guiding readers and writers: Teaching comprehension, genre & content literacy. Portsmouth, NH: Heineman.

Grabe, W. and Stoller, F. (2002). Teaching and Researching Reading. Harlow: Longman.

Nuttall, C. (1996). Teaching Reading Skills in a Foreign Language. Oxford: Heinemann.

Wallace, C. (1992). Reading. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

5. Vocabulary

Carter, R. and McCarthy, M. (Eds.) (1988). Vocabulary and Language Teaching. London: Longman.

Carter, R. (2001). Vocabulary. In Carter, R. and Nunan, D. (Eds.). The Cambridge Guide to Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Coady, J. and Huckin, T. (Eds.). (1997) Second Language Vocabulary Acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hunt, A. and Beglar, D. (2002). Current research and practice in teaching vocabulary. In Richards, J. and Renandya, W. (Eds.). Methodology in Language Teaching: an anthology of current practice (pp. 258-66). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lewis, M. (1993). The Lexical Approach. Hove: Language Teaching Publications.

Lewis, M. (1997). Implementing the Lexical Approach. Hove: Language Teaching Publications.

McCarthy, M. (1990). Vocabulary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nation, P. (2001). Learning Vocabulary in another Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Nation, P. and Meara, P. (2002). Vocabulary. In Schmitt, N. (Ed.). An Introduction to Applied Linguistics (pp. 35-54). London: Arnold.

Schmitt, N. and McCarthy, M. (Eds.) 1997. Vocabulary: Description, Acquisition and Pedagogy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Schmitt, N. (2000). Vocabulary in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

6. Writing skills

Ferris, D. R., & Hedgcock, J. S. (2005). Teaching ESL composition: Purpose, process, and practice (2nd ed.). Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.

Hirvela, A. (2004). Connecting reading & writing in second language writing instruction. Ann Arbor, MI: The University of Michigan Press.

Raimes, A. (1983). Techniques in teaching writing. New York: NY: Oxford University Press.

Connor, U. (1999). Writing in a second language. In Spolsky, B. Concise encyclopedia of educational linguistics (pp. 306-310). Oxford: Elsevier.

Cook, Guy. (2003). Applied Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Chapters 4 and 5)

Cope, B. and Kalantzis, M. (Eds.). (1993). The Powers of Literacy: a Genre Approach to Teaching Writing. London: Falmer.

Grabe, W. and Kaplan, R. (1996). Theory and Practice of Writing. London: Longman.

Green, C., Christopher, E. and Lam, J. (2002). Developing discussion skills in the ESL classroom. In Richards, J. and Renandya, W. (Eds.).Methodology in language teaching: An anthology of current practices (pp. 225-233). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hedge, T. (1988). Writing. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Hedge, T. (2000). Teaching and Learning in the Language Classroom. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hyland, K. (2002). Teaching and Researching Writing. Harlow, Essex: Pearson.

Kroll, B. (Ed.) (1990). Second Language Writing: Research Insights for the Classroom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kroll, B. (2001). Considerations for teaching an ESL/EFL writing course. In Celce-Murcia, M. (Ed.). Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language. Boston, MA: Heinle & Heinle.

Reid, J. (2001). Writing. In Carter, R. and Nunan, D. (Eds.). The Cambridge Guide to Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (pp. 28-33). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Reppen, R. 2002. A genre-based approach to content writing instruction. In J. C. Richards and W. A. Renandya (Eds.), Methodology in language teaching: An anthology of current practices (pp. 321-327). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Seow, A. 2002. The writing process and process writing. In Richards, J. and Renandya, W. (eds.) Methodology in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 315-320

Silva, T. and Matsuda, P. (2001). Writing. In Schmitt, N. (Ed.). An Introduction to Applied Linguistics (pp. 251-266). London: Arnold.

7. English for Academic/Specific Purposes

Alexander, O., Argent, S. & Spencer, J. (2008) EAP essentials : a teacher’s guide to principles and practice. Reading: Garnet Publishing Ltd.

Hyland, K. (2006) English for academic purposes : an advanced resource book. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge

Swales, J. & Feak, C. (1994) Academic Writing for Graduate Students. Ann Arbor, MI: Michigan University Press.

Argent, S. & Alexander, O. (2010) Access EAP. Foundations. Garnet Education.

Bailey, S. (2006) Academic writing : a handbook for international students. London: Routledge.

Cox, K. & Hill, D. (2011) EAP now! : English for academic purposes. Student’s book Longman.

McCarthy, M. & O’Dell, F. (2008) Academic vocabulary in use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Oshima, A. & Hogue, A. (2005) Writing academic English (4th edition). Pearson Longman.

Adams, P., Heaton, B. & Howarth, P. (Eds.). (1991). Socio-cultural issues in English for academic purposes. London: Macmillan.

Alderson, J. C. (2001). Assessing reading. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Belcher, D. & Braine, G. (Eds.). (1995). Academic writing in a second language : essays on research and pedagogy. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

Belcher, D. & Hirvela, A. (Eds.). (2001). Linking literacies : perspectives on L2 reading-writing connections. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

Benesch, S. (2001). Critical English for academic purposes : theory, politics, and practice. Malwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Bhatia, V. K. (1993). Analysing genre : language use in professional settings. London: Longman.

Blue, G. M., Milton, J. & Saville, J. (Eds.). (2000). Assessing English for academic purposes Oxford: Peter Lang.

Bool, H. & Luford, P. (Eds.). (1999). Academic standards and expectations : the role of EAP. Nottingham: Nottingham University Press.

Brinton, D. M. & Masters, P. (Eds.). (1997). New ways in content-based instruction. Alexandria, VA: TESOL.

Brinton, D. M., Snow, M. A., & Wesche, M. B. (1989). Content-based second language instruction. New York: Newbury House.

Canagarajah, S. (2002) Critical academic writing and multilingual students. University of Michigan Press.

Connor, U. (1996). Contrastive rhetoric : cross-cultural aspects of second-language writing Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Connor, U. & Kaplan, R. B. (Eds.). (1987). Writing across languages : analysis of Lb2s text. Reading MA: Addison-Wesley.

Cutting, J. (Ed.). (2000). The grammar of spoken English and EAP teaching. Sunderland: University of Sunderland Press.

Douglas, D. (2000). Assessing language for specific purposes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Flowerdew, J. (Ed.). (1994). Academic listening : research perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Flowerdew, J. (Ed.). (2002). Academic discourse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Flowerdew, J. & Peacock, M. (Eds.). (2001). Research perspectives on English for academic purposes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hamp-Lyons, L. (Ed.). (1991). Assessing second language writing in academic contexts. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

Hinkel, E. (2002). Second language writers’ text : linguistic and rhetorical features. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Howarth, P. & Herington, R. (Eds.). EAP learning technologies. Leeds: Leeds University Press.

Hyland, K. (2000). Disciplinary discourses : social interactions in academic writing. Harlow: Pearson Education.

Ivanic, R. (1998). Writing and identity : the discoursal construction of identity in academic writing. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Johns, A. M. (1997). Text, role, and context : developing academic literacies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Jordan, R. R. (1997). English for academic purposes : a guide and resource book for teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Leki, I. (Ed.). (2001). Academic writing programs. Alexandria, VA: TESOL.

McNamara, D. & Harris, R. (1997).Overseas students in higher education : issues in teaching and learning. London: Routledge.

Mendelsohn, D., & Rubin, J. (1995). A guide for the teaching of second language listening. San Diego CA: Dominie Press.

Nattinger, J. R. & DeCarrico, J. S. (1992). Lexical phrases and language teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Robinson, P. (Ed.). (1988). Academic writing : process and product. London: Modern English Publications.

Swales, J. M. (1990). Genre analysis : English in academic and research settings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Swales, J. M. (2004). Research genres : explorations and applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Thompson, P. (Ed.). (1999). Issues in EAP writing research and instruction. Reading: Centre for Applied Language Studies, University of Reading.

Robinson, P. (Ed.). (2000). Patterns and perspectives : insights for EAP writing practice. Reading: Centre for Applied Language Studies, University of Reading.

Zamel, V & Spack, R. (Eds.). (2001). Negotiating academic literacies : teaching and learning across languages and cultures. Mahwa, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum

Basturkmen, H. (2007) Ideas and Options in English for Specific Purposes. Mahwah, N.J., Lawrence Erlbaum Associates

Benesch, S. (2001) Critical English for Academic Purposes. Mahwah, N.J., Lawrence Erlbaum

Brieger, N. (1997) Teaching Business English Handbook. York Associates Publications

Coffin, C. et al (2002) Teaching Academic Writing; A Toolkit for Higher Education. Routledge

Donna, S. (2000) Teach Business English. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press

Dudley-Evans, T. & St John, M. (1998) Developments in English for Specific Purposes, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press

Ellis, M. & Johnson, C. (1994) Teaching Business English. Oxford, Oxford University Press

Flowerdew, J. & Peacock, M. (Eds.) (2001) Research Perspectives on English for academic purposes. Cambridge & New York, Cambridge University Press

Gillett, A. & Wray, L. (2006) ‘EAP and Success’ in Assessing the Effectiveness of EAP Programmes. BALEAP

Harding, K. (2007) English for Specific Purposes. Oxford, Oxford University Press

Hutchinson, T. & Waters, A. (1987) English for Specific Purposes. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press

Hyland, K. (2006) English for Academic Purposes. London, Routledge

Jordan, R. (1997) English for Academic Purposes: A guide and resource book for teachers. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press

Orr, T. (2002) English for Specific Purposes. TESOL

Robinson, J. (1991) ESP Today: A Practitioner’s Guide. Longman Phoenix Prentice Hall

Swales, J.M. (1990) Genre Analysis: English in academic and research settings. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press

Swales, J. M. (2004) Research Genres. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press

Widdowson, H.G. (1983) Learning Purpose and Language Use. Oxford, Oxford University Press

english-next
This is a very interesting and thought-provoking read. The strapline: ‘Why global English may mean the end of EFL,’ gives a clear indication of the content.

Graddol (2006). English-Next. London: British Council

8.1Principles of Applied Linguistics

Cook, Guy. (2003) Applied Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Coulmas, F. (1998). The Handbook of Sociolinguistics. London: Blackwell.

Blommaert, J. (2005). Discourse: A Critical Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Byram, Michael. (2000). The Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning. London: Routledge.

Davies, Alan. (2005) A Glossary of Applied Linguistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Davies, Alan. and Elder, Catherine. (2004). The Handbook of Applied Linguistics. Oxford: Blackwell.

Eggins, S. (2004) An Introduction to Systemic Functional Linguistics (2nd ed.). London: Continuum.

Halliday, M. (1994). Introduction to Functional Grammar. London: Edward Arnold.

Jaworski, A. and Coupland, N. (1999). The Discourse Reader. London: Routledge.

Kaplan, Robert. (2002). The Oxford Handbook of Applied Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Howatt, A. and Widdowson, H. (2004). A History of English Language Teaching (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Schiffrin, D., Tannen, D. and Hamilton, H. (2003). The Handbook of Discourse Analysis. London: Blackwell.

Schmitt, N. (Ed.) (2002). An Introduction to Applied Linguistics. London: Arnold.

Scovel, T. (1998). Psycholinguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Spolsky, B, (1998). Sociolinguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

9. Second Language Acquisition

Cook, V. (2008). Second Language Learning and Language Teaching (4th ed.). London: Arnold.

De Bot, K., Lowie, W. and Verspoor, M. (2005). Second Language Acquisition: An advanced resource book. London: Routledge.

Dörnyei, Z. (2001). Motivational Strategies in the Language Classroom. Cambridge: Cambridge University

Doughty, C. and Long M. (2003). The Handbook of Second Language Acquisition. Oxford: Blackwell.

Ellis, R. (2008). The Study of Second Language Acquisition (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gass, S. and Selinker, L. (2008). Second Language Acquisition. London: Routledge.

Hawkins, R. (2001). Second Language Syntax: A generative introduction. Oxford: Blackwell.

Macaro, E. (2001). Learning strategies in foreign and second language classrooms. London: Continuum

Macaro, E. (2003). Teaching and Learning a Second Language: a guide to recent research and its applications. London: Continuum.

Mitchell, R. and Myles, F. (2004). Second Language Learning Theories (2nd ed.). London: Arnold.

Ortega, L. (2009). Understanding Second Language Acquisition. London: Hodder Education.

Porte, G. (2002). Appraising research in second language learning: A practical approach to critica. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Saville-Troike, M. (2006). Introducing Second Language Acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Towell, R. and Hawkins, R. (1994). Approaches to Second Language Acquisition. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.

de Bot, K., Lowie, W., and Verspoor, M. (2005). Second language acquisition: an advanced resource book. Routledge, Oxon.

Doughty, C. and Long, M., editors (2003). The handbook of second language acquisition. Blackwell, Oxford.

Hawkins, R. (2001). Second language syntax: a generative introduction. Blackwell, Oxford.

Larson-Hall, J. (2010). A guide to doing statistics in second language research using SPSS. Routledge (Taylor & Francis), New York.

Mackey, A. and Gass, S. (2005). Second language research : methodology and design. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ.

Ritchie, W. and Bhatia, T., editors (1996). Handbook of second language acquisition. Academic Press, San Diego.

Sanz, C., editor (2005). Mind and context in adult second language acquisition : methods, theory, and practice. Georgetown University Press, Washington, DC.

Saville-Troike, M. (2006). Introducing second language acquisition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

VanPatten, B. and Williams, J., editors (2007). Theories in second language acquisition : an introduction. Routledge, New York.

VanPatten, B. & Williams, J. (2007). Early theories in Second Language Acquisition. In VanPatten, B. & Williams, J. (eds.), Theories in second language acquisition : an introduction An Introduction. New York: Routledge. 17-36 Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

White, L. (2003). Second language acquisition and universal grammar. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

White, L. (2007). Linguistic theory, Universal Grammar, and Second Language Acquisition. In VanPatten, B. & Williams, J. (eds.), Theories in second language acquisition : an introduction. New York: Routledge. 37-56

10. World Englishes

Crystal, D. (2003) English as a Global Language (2nd Edition). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hughes, A. & P. Trudgill (1996) English accents and dialects: an introduction to social and regional varieties English in the British Isles. London: Arnold.

Jenkins, J. (2003) World Englishes: A Resource Book for Students. London; Routledge.

McKay, S. (2002) Teaching English as an International Language. Oxford: OUP.

Rubdy, R. & M. Saraceni (2006) English in the World: Global Rules, Global Roles. London: Continuum.

Ashcroft, B. et al (1989) The Empire Writes Back: theory and practice in post-colonial literatures. London: Routledge.

Bauer, L. (2002) An introduction to international varieties of English. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Bex, T. & R. Watts (eds.) (1999) Standard English: The widening debate. London: Routledge.

Bragg, M. (2003) The Adventure of English. London: Hodder and Stoughton.

Brutt-Griffler, J. (2002) World English: A Study of its Development. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.

Crystal, D. (2003) English as a Global Language (2nd Edition). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Crystal, D. (2004) The stories of English. London: Allen Lane.

Graddol, D. (1997) The Future of English? London: British Council.

Hughes, A. & P. Trudgill (1996) English accents and dialects: an introduction to social and regional varieties of English in the British Isles. London: Arnold.

Jenkins, J. (2003) World Englishes: A Resource Book for Students. London; Routledge.

Jenkins, J. (2007) English as a Lingua Franca. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kachru, B. (ed.) (1992) The Other Tongue: English across Cultures (2nd Edition). Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Kachru, B. (2005) Asian Englishes. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.

Kirkpatrick, A. (2007) World Englishes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

McArthur, T. (1998) The English Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

McKay, S. (2002) Teaching English as an International Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press [chapter 3 available on Victory].

Melchers, G. & P. Shaw (2003) World Englishes. London: Arnold.

Pennycook, A. (1994) The Cultural Politics of English as an International Language. Harlow: Longman.

Pennycook, A. (2007) Global Englishes and Transcultural Flows. London: Routledge.

Phillipson, R. (1992) Linguistic Imperialism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Singh, I. (2005) The History of English: A Student’s Guide. London: Hodder Arnold.

Skinner, J. (1998) The Stepmother Tongue: An Introduction to New Anglophone Fiction. London: Palgrave.

Thumboo, E. (ed.) (2001) The Three Circles of English. Singapore: UniPress.

Trudgill, P. & J. Hannah (2002) International English: a guide to varieties of standard English. London: Arnold.

11. Theory and practice of TESOL

Allwright, D. & Bailey, K., 1991, Focus on the Language Classroom: an introduction to classroom research for langu, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hedge, T., 2000, Teaching and Learning in the Language Classroom, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Watkins, P., 2005, Learning to Teach English: A Practical Introduction for New Teachers, Addlestone, Surrey: Delta Publishing.

Allwright, D. and K Bailey (1991), Focus on the language classroom: an introduction to classroom research for language teachers. Cambridge: CUP

Bell, R. T. (1981) An introduction to applied linguistics: approaches and methods in language teaching. London: Batsford Academic

Brumfit, C. J. (1984) Communicative methodology in language teaching: the roles of fluency and accuracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Carter, R & D Nunan (eds) (2001) The Cambridge Guide to Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages. Cambridge: CUP

Harmer, J. (2001) How to teach English: an introduction to the practice of English language teaching. (3rd edition) London: Longman

Hartmann, R. (2001) Teaching and Researching Lexicography, London: Longman

Hedge, T (2000). Teaching & Learning in the Language Classroom. Oxford: OUP

Hyland, K. (2001). Teaching and Researching Writing, London: Longman

McDonough, J & C Shaw (1993) Materials & Methods in ELT: A Teacher’s Guide. Oxford: Blackwell

Nunan, D. (1989). Designing Tasks for the Communicative Classroom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Nunan, D. (1991). Language Teaching Methodology. London: Phoenix ELT

Prodromou, L. (1992) Mixed ability classes. London: Macmillan.

Richards, J.C. and T. Rogers (1986), Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rost, M. (2002) Teaching and researching listening. London: Longman

Stern, H. H. (1983), Fundamental concepts of language teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Stevick, E. (1982) Teaching and Learning Languages. Cambridge: CUP

Thornbury, S (1997) About language: Tasks for Teachers of English. Cambridge: CUP

Watkins, P (2005) Learning to teach English: a practical introduction for new teachers. Addlestone, Surrey: Delta Publishing

Johnson, K (2008) An Introduction to Foreign Language Teaching and Learning. London: Longman

Nunan, D. (1998) Collaborative Language Learning & Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

O’Keeffe, Anne, Michael McCarthy and Ronald Carter (2007). From Corpus to Classroom: Language Use and Language Teaching. Cambridge: CUP.

14. ELT curriculum design and assessment

McNamara, T. (2000) Language Testing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Woodward, J. (2001). Planning Lessons and Courses. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Alderson, J. and Berreta, A. (1992). Evaluating Second Language Education. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Burns, A. (1999). Collaborative Action Research for English Language Teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bachmann, L. (1990). Fundamental Considerations in Language Testing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Carter, R. and Nunan, D. (2001). The Cambridge Guide to Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cummins, J. and Davison, C. (Eds.). (2007). International Handbook of English Language Teaching (Volumes 1 and 2). New York: Springer.

Nunan, D. (1988). Syllabus Design. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McNamara, T. (2000). Language Testing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Weir, C (2005). Language Testing and Validation; an evidence-based approach. Basingstoke: Macmillan Palgrave.

White, R (1988). The ELT Curriculum. Oxford: Blackwell.

Woodward, J (2001), Planning Lessons and Courses. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

12. Materials Writing

McDonagh, J. and Shaw, C. (1993). Materials and Methods in ELT: A Teacher’s Guide. London: Blackwell.

Tomlinson, B. (Ed.). (1998). Materials Development in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Tomlinson, B. (Ed.). (2002). Developing Materials for Language Teaching. Continuum Press.

Dudeney, G. (2000). The Internet and the Language Classroom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Graves, K (2000.) Designing Language Courses. A guide for teachers. London: Newbury House.

Harmer, J. (2009). The Practice of English Language Teaching. London: Longman.

Richards, J. and Rodgers, T. (2001). Approaches & Methods in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Research Methods

Burns, A. (1999). Collaborative Action Research for English Language Teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Brown, J. and Rodgers, T. (2002). Doing second language research. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bryman, A. (2001) Social Research Methods. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cohen, L., Manion, L., and Morrison, K. (2000). Research Methods in Education (5th ed). London: Routledge.

Ellis, R. and G. Barkhuien, Eds. (2005). Analysing learner language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Litosseliti, L. (2009). Research Methods in Linguistics. London: Continuum.

McDonough, J. and S. McDonough (1997). Research methods for English language teachers London: Arnold.

Nunan, D. (1999). Research methods in language learning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Porte, G. K. (2002). Appraising research in second language learning: a practical approach to critical analysis of quantitative research. Amsterdam, Benjamins.

Rasinger, S. (2008). Quantitative Research in Linguistics: An Introduction. London: Continuum.

Seliger, H. and E. Shohamy (1989). Second language research methods. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Wei, L. and Moyer, M. (2008). Research Methods in Bilingualism and Multilingualism. London: Blackwell.

Grammar

Cameron, D. (2007). The teacher’s Guide to Grammar. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cele-Murcia, M. and Larsen-Freeman, D. (1999). The grammar book: An ESL/EFL teacher’s course (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Heinle & Heinle.

Lester, M. (2008). Essential ESL grammar: A handbook for intermediate and advanced ESL students. New York: McGraw Hill.

Pennington, M. (Ed.). (1995). New ways in teaching grammar. Alexandria, VA: TESOL.

Ur, P. (1988). Grammar practice activities: A practical guide for teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

English Language / Language Structure

Baugh, A. and Cable, T. (2002). A history of the English language (5th ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Bragg, Melvyn. (2003). The adventure of English: 500AD to 2000: the biography of a language. Hodder & Stoughton.

Brown, S., Attardo, S. (2005). Understanding language structure, interaction, and variation (2nd ed). Ann Arbor, MI: The University of Michigan Press.

Crystal, D. (1995). The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Finegan, E. (2004). Language—Its structure and use (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Thomson Wadsworth Publishing.

Hadley, J. (1880). A brief history of the English language. London: Bibliolife.