Welcome to EAP

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

The purpose of this English for Academic Purposes (EAP) course is to introduce academic language use by way of reading and writing tasks.

Outline

    Weeks 01–05 | Descriptive essays & note-taking, referencing and structuring skills.
    Weeks 06–11 | Cause/Effect essays & synthesising and paraphrasing skills.
    Weeks 12–15 | Problem/Solution/Evaluation essays & coherence and cohesion skills.

Course documents

Letter Grade Distribution

GPA, percentages & letter grades

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Week 07

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

To be covered

CNN Explains: Deforestation


    Source: CNN (2013). CNN Explains: Deforestation.
    Remember: press “CC” to turn “Subtitles” on. Duration: 02:22

Deforestation (Explainer)


    Source: Taylor, J. (2012). Deforestation Explained
    Remember: press “CC” to turn “Subtitles” on. Duration: 01:44
    tropical-rainforest-01
    tropical-rainforest-02
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Week 06

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

To be covered

    The language of cause and effect
    In reality, causes are reasons (they come first) and effects are results (they come next). However, when we desribe them we can begin with either the cause or the effect. For instance:

    Using lots of electricity results in air pollution (such as CO2).
    Air pollution (such as CO2) results from using too much electricity.

     The sun was very bright, because of this, Lucy put on her sunglasses.
     Lucy put on her sunglasses because the sun was very bright.

    Daisy ate lots of chocolate consequently she felt a bit sick.
    Daisy felt a bit sick as a consequence of eating too much chocolate.

    cause-efect-image---air-polution
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Week 05

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

To be covered

The Falaj Irrigation System


    Source: Gulf News (2014, 8 January). Traditional Falaj irrigation system in Al Ain.
    Remember: press “CC” to turn “Subtitles” on. Duration: 01:09

Aflaj Irrigation Systems


    Source: UNESCO (2013, 5 November). Aflaj Irrigation Systems of Oman.
    Remember: press “CC” to turn “Subtitles” on. Duration: 02:52

Aflaj (traditional irrigation systems)

    The ‘falaj’ irrigation system is seen as an engineering achievement. Some alflaj are around 3000 years old. They consist of stone channels aboveground, underground tunnels, and shallow hand dug wells that are a few meters deep. In the most common falaj, gravity pulls the water from the underground tunnels into the open, aboveground stone channels, Finally, it is moved towards the areas that needed to be irrigated like gardens and farms. In the past, this system was not only significant as a method of transporting water, but also allowed for settlements to develop that otherwise would not have survived. They provided permanent water sources used for sustainable agriculture and drinking water.

    With regard to the above text, identify any vocabulary that is new to you and locate these words in your dictionary.

    – Reading with highlighting and annotation
    – Outline with key parts/points in note form
    – Use citations (Al Mansouri, 2015) where required
     “Aflaj” background reading
     “Aflaj” reading comprehension questions
     “Aflaj” video comprehension questions
     “Aflaj” video comprehension Q&A

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Week 04

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

To be covered

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Week 03

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

To be covered

    Notetaking and paraphrasing
    – Identifying key points
    – Notetaking
    – Constructing sentences from notes
     Task: paraphrasing practice

coffee-one

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Week 02

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

To be covered

The Silk Road


    Source: Castelo, S. (2014) The Silk Road. https://youtu.be/vn3e37VWc0k
    Remember: press “CC” to turn “Subtitles” on. Duration: 05:11

Endnotes…

    With APA, there are “in-text” citations and “post-text” references.

    So, if you use information from a source like Steven Pinker’s “The Language Instinct”, using APA style, you would cite it in the text like:

    (Pinker, 1994) or Pinker (1994) or Pinker (1994, p. 75)

    and reference it at the end like:

    Pinker, S. (1994). The Language Instinct. London: Penguin.

    (SURNAME, YYYY) this is the default option:
    …end of sentence (Smith, 1988).
    …end of sentence (Adams & Almansouri, 2013).

    (ORGANISATION, YYYY) use if there are no author details:
    …end of sentence (UNDP, 1988).
    …end of sentence (IMF, 2013).

    (TITLE, YYYY) use if source has no author/organisation details:
    …end of sentence (Liquid Gold, 1988).
    …end of sentence (Trade Imbalances, 2013).

    (SURNAME, ??) if source has no date use n.d. “No Date”:
    …end of sentence (Jones & Marsden, n.d.).
    …end of sentence (World bank, n.d.).

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Week 01

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

To be covered

Endnotes…

    Remember: كل مشكلة ولها حل

    For example (e.g.), reading is one solution; in other words (i.e.), reading is key.

    The Arabic root system

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Week 08

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

To be covered

Desertification


    Source: GoodPlanet Foundation (2011). Desertification. Retrieved from, https://youtu.be/w9RxnuBiFbg
    Remember: press “CC” to turn “Subtitles” on. Duration: 06:02
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Week 09

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

Assessment

    Midterm exam: read and write an essay outline (1 hour and 40 minutes)

    • Use a paper dictionary
      This will help you to understand the texts and to paraphrase.
    • Read the source texts
      Bring highlighters pens. Highlight/annotate the information that you need
    • Organise the information into an outline
      – Write in notes (NOT full sentences)
      – Paraphrase (write the information in your own words, but keep the same meaning)
      – Use bullets / numbering to keep your ideas clear and organised
      – Use citations (next to data/statistics, research, expert opinions, defining key terms)
    • Make sure that you have enough information in your outline
      – Complete all five parts of the outline
      – Ensure you have enough information in the outline to write a 450-word essay (an average of 90 words per paragraph)

     

    Midterm exam: write the essay (1 hour and 40 minutes)

    • Use your outline to write a 5-paragraph essay (450+ words):
      – Introduction
      – Body Paragraphs 1, 2, and 3
      – Conclusion
    • Write citations next to information from the texts that give:
      – Data/statistics
      – Research
      – Expert opinions
      – Definitions for key terms
    • You will be graded on:

      1. Completing the task (20% of essay grade):
      – Answering the entire question
      – Paraphrasing
      – Using an academic tone

      2. Organising your information (20% of essay grade):
      – Supporting key points
      – Using linking words
      – Writing clearly

      3. Vocabulary (20% of essay grade):
      – Accuracy
      – Spelling
      – Word forms

      4. Grammar (20% of essay grade):
      – Accuracy
      – Punctuation
      – Using different sentence structures (simple, compound, complex)

      5. Citations (20% of essay grade):
      – Using citations after the correct cited information
      – Formatting of citations (AUTHOR, YYYY)

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Week 10

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

To be covered

    Presentation Skills
    – Layout and style
    – Structure and content
    Layout & Style

    1. Keep the design simple
    2. Colour: newspapers/websites typically use black on white
    3. Font-families: use a few and use them consistently
    4. Font-sizes: use a few and use them consistently
    5. As with the Template presentation create (a) a title slide (b) an outline slide (c), a section divider/summary slide and (d) a standard slide

Presentation skills


    Remember: press “CC” to turn “Subtitles” on. Duration: 05:50

Endnotes…

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Week 12

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

Assessment

    Group P/S/E presentations

    • Body Language
      – Audiance interaction (inc. Eye contact)
      – Movement (Position & Gestures)
      – Posture
    • Voice
      – Volume/Speed
      – Fluency
      – Vocabulary
    • Time Managment
      – Not too long, not too short
    • Content and Design
      – Quality of content
      – Interaction with content
      – Design of the slides
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Week 13

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

To be covered

    Problem/Solution/Evaluation subject: Rhinoceros Poaching

    150 years ago, Africa’s savannahs had over a million rhinos. However, relentless hunting by European settlers saw rhino numbers rapidly decline. Poaching also increased sharply during the 1970s and 1980s as demand grew for rhino horn, a prized ingredient in traditional Asian medicines – leaving both species at risk.

    Today, the greatest threat facing African rhinos is poaching for the illegal trade in their horns. The number of rhinos poached in South Africa alone has increased from 13 in 2007 to a record 1,215 in 2014. Poaching gangs use increasingly sophisticated methods, including helicopters and night vision equipment to track rhinos, and veterinary drugs to knock them out. This means countries and conservationists need to match this level of technology to be able to tackle the problem, alongside working to reduce demand.

    “Stop Wildlife Crime [Rhinos]”


    Source: World Wildlife Fund (2013). Stop Wildlife Crime [Rhinos].
    Notes: turn on “Substitles/close captions” to read the transcript  Duration: 05:42

    Rhino Poaching [pre-reading tasks]
    Rhino Poaching [source texts]
    Rhino Poaching [outline]
    Rhino Poaching [post-reading tasks]
    Rhino Poaching [model outline and essay]
    Additional information on the subject

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Week 14

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

To be covered

    Problem/Solution/Evaluation subject: Water Resources

    Water is a valuable resource becasue every living thing depends on water for its survival. As the human population increases, water use increases; yet (fresh, clean) water is a limited resource. Therfore, water should be used as efficiently as possible.

    THE WATER CYCLE:
    water-resources---the-water-cycle

    “Water, our most precious resource”

    Source: Robeco Asset Management (2014). Water, our most precious resource.
    Notes: turn on “Substitles/close captions” to read the transcript  Duration: 05:05

    Sample Problem/Solution/Evaluation essay with tasks
    Additional information on the subject

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EAP Essentials

“Tools of the Trade”

It is important to use highlighter pens when annotating source texts. Using a number of colours is advantageous because one can be used for say ‘background information’, another for ’causes’ and another for ‘solutions’.

tools--higlighters

In addition, paper and pencils are essrntial tools too.

moleskine

Headphones

It is important to have headphones so that you can listen to instructional videos at your own pace. This enables you to replay sections of a given video and focus on the pronunciation of key phrases, terms and words.

headphones

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Dictionary Skills

Dictionaries are far more than translation tools. And yes, online tools are great but nothing is better than a physical dictionary. Dictionaries such as “Oxford Wordpower” are highly recommended as they provide clear English definitions and Arabic translations as well as examples and associated words. This particular dictionary also highlights the “3,000 most important and useful words to know in English.”

tools--dictionary

Dictionary skills & worksheets

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EAP Presentation Skills

Keep it Simple: Concentrate on your Core Message When planning your presentation, you should always keep in mind what is the key point and purpose of it.

Start Strongly The beginning of your presentation is crucial. You need to grab your audience’s attention at the outset.

Show your Passion and Connect with your Audience It is hard to be relaxed and be yourself when you are nervous. But reseqarch shows that the most important thing is to connect with your audience, and the best way to do that is to be passionate.

Focus on your Audience’s Needs Your presentation needs to be built around what your audience is going to get out of the presentation. Make it compelling.

Smile and Make Eye Contact with your Audience This sounds very easy, but body language is one of the most important aspects.

Presentation: How to present effectively (basic)

Presentation: How to present effectively (detailed)

More information on presentation skills

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Comparing & Contrasting

(الخلافات و التشابه (مماثل / بالضبط نفس / مختلف

How exactly shouls “information” that is presented in tablee be described? This can be done by comparing and contrasting the “facts and figures” (“data”) shown.

For example, you would compare and contrast (the similarities and differences) between horses and camels when describing the facts and figures in this table:

Compare-and-Contrast--post-picture-01

How to write “Compare & Contrast” reports

Structure of “Compare & Contrast” reports

Describe each of the pictures below

When you write these descriptions consider the following: (1) What is being depicted? (2) The number of things (3), their size, (4) position and (5) colour.

Describe the skyscrapers in the picture below

In your description please try and “round” some of the numbers (e.g. “828m”“just under 830 metres”); compare the years in which they were built (“…the newest”; “…older than…” etc.) and also, mention the location of each of the buildings.

Review: Adjectives
Worksheet 01: Comparative & Superlative adjectives

Describing facts and figures in tables

A good descriptive report will have a minimum of three paragraphs: an introduction, one paragraph that describes the differences and one paragraph that describes the similarities and the ways in which the two things are exactly the same.

Comparing data in tables (gap-fill tasks)

Compare and contrast two airlines: Emirates and Etihad

Compare the Nissan Patrol and the Toyota Landcruiser

Compare and contrast two companies: Du and Etisalat

Compare and contrast two cities: London and Oslo

Compare and contrast two cities: Doha and Kuwait city

Model report: Emirates and Etihad compared

Agree or Disagree (making choices)

Life is full of choices. Today we are spoilt for choice! Think about all the types (kinds/brands) of toothpaste there are for sale at your local supermarket:

Which do you prefer?

On your birthday, where would you choose to eat?
A surfeit of fast food

Landcruiser or a Patrol?

How would you prefer to travel to Dubai? … [reasons include: style, comfort and safety]
Cars

Tea or Coffee?

Which is best? … [reasons include: taste and health benefits/costs]

tea or coffee?

How to write opinion-based essays

Worksheet 01 [Choosing, brainstorming & vocabulary]

Model: Should all careers be open to women?

Model: Should students have their own bedrooms?