Comparing & Contrasting

(الخلافات و التشابه (مماثل / بالضبط نفس / مختلف

We will now focus on how to describe “information” presented in a table. We do this by comparing and contrasting the “facts and figures” (“data”) shown.

For example, you would compare and contrast (the similarities and differences) between horses and camels when describing the facts and figures in this table:

Describe each of the pictures below
When you write these descriptions consider the following: (1) What is being depicted? (2) The number of things (3), their size, (4) position and (5) colour.

 Review:  Adjectives  |  Comparative and superlative adjectives

Describe the skyscrapers in the picture below
In your description please try and “round” some of the numbers (e.g. “828m”“just under 830 metres”); compare the years in which they were built (“…the newest”; “…older than…” etc.) and also, mention the location of each of the buildings.

Describing facts and figures in tables

A good descriptive report will have a minimum of three paragraphs: an introduction, one paragraph that describes the differences and one paragraph that describes the similarities and the ways in which the two things are exactly the same.

Worksheets &c.

How to write “Compare & Contrast” reports

Structure of “Compare & Contrast” reports

Comparing data in tables (gap-fill tasks)

Compare and contrast two airlines: Emirates and Etihad
 Compare the Nissan Patrol and the Toyota Landcruiser
Compare and contrast two companies: Du and Etisalat
 Compare and contrast two cities: London and Oslo
 Compare and contrast two cities: Doha and Kuwait city

Model reports

Emirates and Etihad compared

Nissan Patrols compared to Toyota Landcruisers

Agree or Disagree (making choices)

Life is full of choices. Today we are spoilt for choice! Think about all the types (kinds/brands) of toothpaste there are for sale at your local supermarket.

Which do you prefer?

On your birthday, where would you choose to eat?
A surfeit of fast food

A “stayshon” or a “vetik”

How would you prefer to travel to Dubai? … [reasons include: style, comfort and safety]

Tea or Coffee?

Which is best? … [reasons include: taste and health benefits/costs] … the answer is here!
tea or coffee?


Error Correction Codes

When you are given feedback on your written work, teachers normally use symbols (رموز) and abbreviations (الاختصارات) such as the red ones below:

By understanding these “error correction codes”, you will become more aware of the common errors/mistakes you make when writing in English. This knowledge can improve your overall English writing abilities.


Worksheets &c.

Error Correction Codes

Worksheet 01 [Choosing, brainstorming & vocabulary]

Worksheet 02 [How to write opinion-based essays]


Model agree/disagree essays

Agree/Disagree: Should all careers be open to women?

Agree/Disagree: Should university students have their own bedrooms?