Welcome to EAP

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

The purpose of the Introduction to Academic English (IAE) courses is to introduce academic language use through developing academic reading and writing skills.

IAE for HumanitiesSyllabus

    Weeks 01–05 | Descriptive essays & note-taking, referencing and structuring skills.
    Weeks 06–11 | Cause/Effect essays & synthesising and paraphrasing skills.
    Weeks 12–15 | Problem/Solution/Evaluation essays & coherence and cohesion skills.

IAE for BusinessSyllabus

    Weeks 01–05 | Descriptive essays & note-taking, referencing and structuring skills.
    Weeks 06–11 | Proposal writing & survey-based research and presentation skils.
    Weeks 12–15 | Analytical reports & paraphrasing, coherence and cohesion skills.

Letter Grade Distribution

GPA, percentages & letter grades

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EAP | Week 15 | 26 Nov. 2017

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

IAE for Humanities

IAE for Business

Endnotes…

contemplate

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EAP | Week 14 | 19 Nov. 2017

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

IAE for Humanities

    Sessions 1 & 2

    Problem/Solution/Evaluation subject: Water Resources

    Water is a valuable resource becasue every living thing depends on water for its survival. As the human population increases, water use increases; yet (fresh, clean) water is a limited resource. Therfore, water should be used as efficiently as possible.

    THE WATER CYCLE:
    water-resources---the-water-cycle

    “Water, our most precious resource”

    Source: Robeco Asset Management (2014). Water, our most precious resource.
    Notes: turn on “Substitles/close captions” to read the transcript  Duration: 05:05

    Sample Problem/Solution/Evaluation essay with tasks
    Additional information on the subject

IAE for Business

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EAP | Week 13 | 12 Nov. 2017

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

IAE for Humanities

    Sessions 1 & 2

    Problem/Solution/Evaluation subject: Rhinoceros Poaching

    150 years ago, Africa’s savannahs had over a million rhinos. However, relentless hunting by European settlers saw rhino numbers rapidly decline. Poaching also increased sharply during the 1970s and 1980s as demand grew for rhino horn, a prized ingredient in traditional Asian medicines – leaving both species at risk.

    Today, the greatest threat facing African rhinos is poaching for the illegal trade in their horns. The number of rhinos poached in South Africa alone has increased from 13 in 2007 to a record 1,215 in 2014. Poaching gangs use increasingly sophisticated methods, including helicopters and night vision equipment to track rhinos, and veterinary drugs to knock them out. This means countries and conservationists need to match this level of technology to be able to tackle the problem, alongside working to reduce demand.

    “Stop Wildlife Crime [Rhinos]”


    Source: World Wildlife Fund (2013). Stop Wildlife Crime [Rhinos].
    Notes: turn on “Substitles/close captions” to read the transcript  Duration: 05:42

    Rhino Poaching [pre-reading tasks]
    Rhino Poaching [source texts]
    Rhino Poaching [outline]
    Rhino Poaching [post-reading tasks]
    Rhino Poaching [model outline and essay]
    Additional information on the subject

IAE for Business

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EAP | Week 12 | 05 Nov. 2017

IAE

    Sessions 1 & 2
    (Academic Project) Work on presentation

IAE for Business

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EAP | Week 10 | 22 Oct. 2017

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

IAE for Humanities

    Session 1
    Midterm exam: read and write an essay outline (1 hour and 40 minutes)

    • Use a paper dictionary
      This will help you to understand the texts and to paraphrase.
    • Read the source texts
      Bring highlighters pens. Highlight/annotate the information that you need
    • Organise the information into an outline
      – Write in notes (NOT full sentences)
      – Paraphrase (write the information in your own words, but keep the same meaning)
      – Use bullets / numbering to keep your ideas clear and organised
      – Use citations (next to data/statistics, research, expert opinions, defining key terms)
    • Make sure that you have enough information in your outline
      – Complete all five parts of the outline
      – Ensure you have enough information in the outline to write a 450-word essay (an average of 90 words per paragraph)
    Session 2
    Midterm exam: write the essay (1 hour and 40 minutes)

    • Use your outline to write a 5-paragraph essay (450+ words):
      – Introduction
      – Body Paragraphs 1, 2, and 3
      – Conclusion
    • Write citations next to information from the texts that give:
      – Data/statistics
      – Research
      – Expert opinions
      – Definitions for key terms
    • You will be graded on:

      1. Completing the task (20% of essay grade):
      – Answering the entire question
      – Paraphrasing
      – Using an academic tone

      2. Organising your information (20% of essay grade):
      – Supporting key points
      – Using linking words
      – Writing clearly

      3. Vocabulary (20% of essay grade):
      – Accuracy
      – Spelling
      – Word forms

      4. Grammar (20% of essay grade):
      – Accuracy
      – Punctuation
      – Using different sentence structures (simple, compound, complex)

      5. Citations (20% of essay grade):
      – Using citations after the correct cited information
      – Formatting of citations (AUTHOR, YYYY)

IAE for Business

    Session 2
    Midterm exam: write your report outline (1 hour and 40 minutes)
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EAP | Week 09 | 15 Oct. 2017

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

IAE for Humanities

    Session 1
    “Desertification” – The Structure of a Cause/Effect Essay
    Session 2
    “Oil spills” – Background information on the Midterm exam’s subject

    Deepwater Horizon was an ultra-deepwater, offshore drilling rig located in the Gulf of Mexico. On 20 April 2010, an uncontrollable blowout caused an explosion on the rig that killed 11 workers. The fire was inextinguishable and, two days later the Horizon sank, leaving the well gushing at the seabed and causing the largest oil spill in U.S. waters.

    Background reading and tasks

    Lingering effects, 2 years after BP oil spill (6:02):


    Source: CBS News (2012). Lingering effects, 2 years after BP oil spill. Retrieved from, https://youtu.be/CtUW_2-q71U Remember: press “CC” to turn “Subtitles” on

    Oil spills, causes and effects

    Oil spills, causes and effects

    Oil spills, causes and effects

IAE for Business

    Sessions 1 & 2
    Work on Proposal Presentation & Report
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EAP | Week 08 | 08 Oct. 2017

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

IAE for Humanities

IAE for Business

    Sessions 1 & 2
    Work on Proposal Presentation & Report
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EAP | Week 07 | 01 Oct. 2017

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

IAE for Humanities

    Sessions 1 & 2
    – Introduce the Cause and Effects essay construct
    cause-efect-image---air-polution

    In reality, causes are reasons (they come first) and effects are results (they come next). However, when we desribe them we can begin with either the cause or the effect. For instance:

    Using lots of electricity results in air pollution (such as CO2).
    Air pollution (such as CO2) results from using too much electricity.

     The sun was very bright, because of this, Lucy put on her sunglasses.
     Lucy put on her sunglasses because the sun was very bright.

    Daisy ate lots of chocolate consequently she felt a bit sick.
    Daisy felt a bit sick as a consequence of eating too much chocolate.

IAE for Business

    Sessions 1 & 2
    Work on Proposal Presentation & Report
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EAP | Week 06 | 24 Sep. 2017

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

IAE for Humanities

    Sessions 1 & 2
    – Presentation Skills
    – Introduce the Problem, Soultion and Evaluation (PSE) construct

IAE for Business

    Sessions 1 & 2
    – Presentation Skills
    – Introduce the Market Research & Proposal Report construct

DESIGNING A PRESENTATION

Layout & Style

  1. Keep the design simple
  2. Colour: newspapers/websites typically use black on white
  3. Font-families: use a few and use them consistently
  4. Font-sizes: use a few and use them consistently
  5. As with the Template presentation create (a) a title slide (b) an outline slide (c), a section divider/summary slide and (d) a standard slide

Structure & Content

  1. All main ideas to be delivered during presentation should be on slides
  2. Try and follow the 5×7 rule: a maximum of five bullet points per slide, each point containing +/- seven words
  3. Images, where used, are relevant to the topic and the point being made
  4. Spelling and grammar should be error-free
  5. As with the Template presentation use the ‘Notes panel’ feature to keep any additional information and record the sources you use

Effective presentations — design principles
Powerpoint file | PDF file

Presentation template
Powerpoint file | PDF file

DELIVERING A PRESENTATION

Presentation skills (5:50):


Remember: press “CC” to turn “Subtitles” on

USEFUL VOCABULARY

Word Syllables Translation &c.
Enthusiastic en•thu•si•as•tic
متحمس [adjective]
Having or showing strong enjoyment and/or interest in something.
— Khaled was very enthusiastic during his presentation and this is key reason for its sucess.
Synonyms: energetic, passionate.
Gesture ges•ture
إيماء [noun/verb]
verb: ges•ture
[noun] A movement of part of the body, especially a hand or the head, to express an idea or meaning.
[verb] To make a gesture.
— Alex made a gesture to say thank-you.
— Alia gestered meaningfully with her hands for everyone in the audience to be quiet.
Synonyms: signal, sign, motion, indication, gesticulation, show.
Posture pos•ture
وضعة [noun]
verb: pos•ture
A position of a person’s body when standing or sitting.
— He stood in a flamboyant posture with his hands on his hips.
Synonyms: pose, strike an attitude, attitude, stance, standpoint, point of view, opinion, position, frame of mind.
Pronunciation pro•nun•ci•a•tion
النطق [noun]
The way in which a word is pronounced; the act or result of producing the sounds of speech.
Intonation in•to•na•tion
ترتيل [noun]
The rise and fall of the voice in speaking, especially the pitch pattern of a sentence, which distinguishes kinds of sentences or speakers of different language cultures.
— She spoke English with a strong Arabic intonation.
Emphasis em•pha•sis
نبرة [noun]
Stress given to a word or words when speaking to indicate particular importance.
— They placed great emphasis on the individual’s freedom.
Synonyms: stress, accent, force.
Structure struc•ture
متماسك [noun/verb]
[noun] The arrangement of and relations between the parts or elements of something complex; the organising of sentences into paragraphs and, paragraphs into an essay.
[verb] To construct or arrange something according to a plan.
— The two sentences have equivalent structures.
— The programme is structured around exams and projects.
Synonyms: Arrange, Compose, Construct, Design, Form, Organise, Order, Shape.
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EAP | Week 05 | 17 Sept. 2017

IAE – Humanities

    Session 1
    “Al Qarawiyyin Library” (the focus of WA1)

IAE for Business

    Session 1
    “Etihad” (the focus company of WA1)
    Inside Etihad Airways (3:28)

    Source: Greenberg, P. (2014, Mar. 18). Inside Etihad Airways. https://youtu.be/M7G-yofAfyo
    Remember: press “CC” to turn “Subtitles” on.
    Exploring The Residence (2:59)

    Source: Etihad Airways. (2014, May 4). Exploring The Residence. https://youtu.be/M7G-yofAfyo
    Remember: press “CC” to turn “Subtitles” on.

    Note: For a larger view, click on the infographic.
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EAP | Week 04 | 10 Sep. 2017

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

IAE for Humanities

IAE for Business

    Session 1
    Airbnb: outline (start)
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EAP | Week 03 | 03 Sep. 2017

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

IAE for Humanities

    Session 1
    – Cohesive devices
    – Silk Road: Readings and outline (complete)
    Session 2
    Coffee Trade: Reading, note-taking and paraphrasing skills

IAE for Business

    Session 1
    – Cohesive devices
    – Nokia: Readings and outline (complete)
    Session 2
    “Airbnb”: Reading, note-taking and paraphrasing skills

Endnotes…

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EAP | Week 02 | 27 Aug. 2017

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

IAE for Humanities

    Session 1
    Citing and Referencing Source Materials
    – In-text citations
    – Post-text references
    Session 2
    Descriptive Report: “The Silk Road”
    – Annotation & Highlighting skills
    – Referencing skills
    The Silk Road (5:11)

    Source: Castelo, S. (2014) The Silk Road: Connecting the ancient world through trade. https://youtu.be/vn3e37VWc0k
    Remember: press “CC” to turn “Subtitles” on

IAE for Business

    Session 1
    Citing and Referencing Source Materials
    – In-text citations
    – Post-text references
    Session 2
    Analytical Report: “The Rise and Fall of Nokia”
    – Annotation & Highlighting skills
    – Referencing skills

Endnotes…

With APA, there are “in-text” citations and “post-text” references.

So, if you use information from a source like Steven Pinker’s “The Language Instinct”, using APA style, you would cite it in the text like:

    (Pinker, 1994) or Pinker (1994) or Pinker (1994, p. 75)

and reference it at the end like:

    Pinker, S. (1994). The Language Instinct. London: Penguin.

(SURNAME, YYYY) this is the default option:
… was necessary (Smith, 1988).
… was the result (Adams & Almansouri, 2013).

(ORGANISATION, YYYY) use if there are no author details:
… was necessary (UNDP, 1988).
… was the result (IMF, 2013).

(TITLE, YYYY) use if source has no author/organisation details:
… was necessary (Liquid Gold, 1988).
… was the result (Trade Imbalances, 2013).

(SURNAME, ??) if source has no date use n.d. “No Date”:
… was necessary (Jones & Marsden, n.d.).
… was the result (World bank, n.d.).

More information on APA style

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EAP | Week 01 | 20 Aug. 2017

EAP APA Glossary Grammar Vocabulary Presentation skills

IAE for Humanities

    Session 1
    Introduction to the course
    – Learning objectives; Assessments & Grading
    – Bookmark website, download Dropbox and Adobe Reader
    Professional email writing (begin)
    – Subject lines, salutations & sign-offs and “flamers”
    Session 2
    Professional email writing (finish)
    – Informal vs. formal
    – Create an apropriate email signature

IAE for Business

    Session 1
    Introduction to the course
    – Learning objectives; Assessments & Grading
    – Bookmark website, download Dropbox and Adobe Reader
    Professional email writing (begin)
    – Subject lines, salutations & sign-offs and “flamers”
    Session 2
    Professional email writing (finish)
    – Informal vs. formal
    – Create an apropriate email signature

Endnotes…

Remember: كل مشكلة ولها حل

For example, (e.g., || such as, || for instance,)

The Arabic root system

In other words, (i.e., || put differently,) reading is one solution!

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EAP Essentials!

“Tools of the Trade”

It is important to use highlighter pens when annotating source texts. Using a number of colours is advantageous because one can be used for say ‘background information’, another for ’causes’ and another for ‘solutions’.

tools--higlighters

In addition, paper and pencils are essrntial tools too.

moleskine

Headphones

It is important to have headphones so that you can listen to instructional videos at your own pace. This enables you to replay sections of a given video and focus on the pronunciation of key phrases, terms and words.

headphones

Useful Applications

Dropbox   Adobe Reader

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Dictionary Skills

Dictionaries are far more than translation tools. And yes, online tools are great but nothing is better than a physical dictionary. Dictionaries such as “Oxford Wordpower” are highly recommended as they provide clear English definitions and Arabic translations as well as examples and associated words. This particular dictionary also highlights the “3,000 most important and useful words to know in English.”

tools--dictionary

Dictionary skills & worksheets

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EAP Presentation Skills

Keep it Simple: Concentrate on your Core Message When planning your presentation, you should always keep in mind what is the key point and purpose of it.

Start Strongly The beginning of your presentation is crucial. You need to grab your audience’s attention at the outset.

Show your Passion and Connect with your Audience It is hard to be relaxed and be yourself when you are nervous. But reseqarch shows that the most important thing is to connect with your audience, and the best way to do that is to be passionate.

Focus on your Audience’s Needs Your presentation needs to be built around what your audience is going to get out of the presentation. Make it compelling.

Smile and Make Eye Contact with your Audience This sounds very easy, but body language is one of the most important aspects.

Presentation: How to present effectively (basic)

Presentation: How to present effectively (detailed)

More information on presentation skills

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