Cause and effect essays look at the reasons (or causes) for something, then discuss the results (or effects). The language of cause and effect (أسباب و نتائج) is important in academic writing because it helps answer the question: Why?
Deepwater Horizon was an ultra-deepwater, offshore drilling rig located in the Gulf of Mexico. On 20 April 2010, an uncontrollable blowout caused an explosion on the rig that killed 11 workers. The fire was inextinguishable and, two days later the Horizon sank, leaving the well gushing at the seabed and causing the largest oil spill in U.S. waters.
“Deepwater Horizon” (oil spill)
Source: CBS News (2012). Lingering effects, 2 years after BP oil spill. Retrieved from, https://youtu.be/CtUW_2-q71U Remember: press “CC” to turn “Subtitles” on. Duration: 06:02