This page is divided into four sub-sections. Part one provides the information necessary to complete the assessed Problem & Solution presentation task. Part two provides guidance on how to ‘design’ an effective academic-style presentation. Part three provides guidance on how to effectively ‘deliver’ such a presentation. Finally, in part four, there is a list of vocabulary relevant to the subject of effective presentation skills.
PROBLEM & SOLUTION PRESENTATION
DESIGNING A PRESENTATION
Layout & Style
- Keep the design simple
- Colour: newspapers/websites typically use black on white
- Font-families: use a few and use them consistently
- Font-sizes: use a few and use them consistently
- As with the Template presentation create (a) a title slide (b) an outline slide (c), a section divider/summary slide and (d) a standard slide
Structure & Content
- All main ideas to be delivered during presentation should be on slides
- Try and follow the 5×7 rule: a maximum of five bullet points per slide, each point containing +/- seven words
- Images, where used, are relevant to the topic and the point being made
- Spelling and grammar should be error-free
- As with the Template presentation use the ‘Notes panel’ feature to keep any additional information and record the sources you use
DELIVERING A PRESENTATION
Presentation skills (5:50):
Remember: press “CC” to turn “Subtitles” on
Weak versus Strong presentations:
These example presentations are designed to highlight common mistakes and how to avoid them.
How to become a more effective presenter:
The first video shows the same presenter giving the same presentation twice (the second time with some improvements). The second video provides some relevant information on useful body language skills whilst delivering a presentation (eye contact, gestures and posture).
To really “know” a word you will need to:
Use it in the correct context (how, where and when)
Spell and pronounce it correctly
Be aware of (1) its meaning/s and definition/s
… (2) its grammatical form (e.g. adjective, noun or verb)
… (3) its synonyms and antonyms (related and opposite words)
Having or showing strong enjoyment and/or interest in something.
— Khaled was very enthusiastic during his presentation and this is key reason for its sucess.
Synonyms: energetic, passionate.
A good relationship in which the people or groups involved understand each other’s ideas and communicate well.
— Mitha was able to establish a good rapport with the other students as a conseqence of her personality.
Synonyms: affinity, empathy.
[noun] A movement of part of the body, especially a hand or the head, to express an idea or meaning.
[verb] To make a gesture.
— Alex made a gesture to say thank-you.
— Alia gestered meaningfully with her hands for everyone in the audience to be quiet.
Synonyms: signal, sign, motion, indication, gesticulation, show.
A position of a person’s body when standing or sitting.
— He stood in a flamboyant posture with his hands on his hips.
Synonyms: pose, strike an attitude, attitude, stance, standpoint, point of view, opinion, position, frame of mind.
The way in which a word is pronounced; the act or result of producing the sounds of speech.
The rise and fall of the voice in speaking, especially the pitch pattern of a sentence, which distinguishes kinds of sentences or speakers of different language cultures.
— She spoke English with a strong Arabic intonation.
Stress given to a word or words when speaking to indicate particular importance.
— They placed great emphasis on the individual’s freedom.
Synonyms: stress, accent, force.
Having, showing, strong feelings or opinions about someone or something.
— James is passionate about his favourite hobby which is gardening.
Synonyms: affinity, empathy.
[adjective] To briefly interrupt an action or a speech.
[noun] A temporary stop in action or speech.
— Jawaher paused before giving here opinion on the subject.
— John went outside as there was a brief pause in the rain.
Synonyms: break, interruption.
Forming a unified whole; the full story. An argument, essay, theory, or policy that is logical and consistent.
— They failed to develop a coherent economic strategy, as a result there was a recession.
— The collection of books together made for a coherent body of knowledge on the subject of ‘choice’.
Synonyms: Logical, Reasoned, Rational.
To be successful in producing the desired or intended result.
— Ohud was very effective, when she presented, the whole room fell silent.
Synonyms: Successful, Productive.
||ذو أهمية [adjective]
Sufficiently great or important to be worthy of attention; noteworthy.
— It was agreed that the most significant point in Mahra’s presentation was that coral reefs could be saved.
Synonyms: Important, Outstanding, Notable, Noteworthy, Remarkable.
[noun] The arrangement of and relations between the parts or elements of something complex; the organising of sentences into paragraphs and, paragraphs into an essay.
[verb] To construct or arrange something according to a plan.
— The two sentences have equivalent structures.
— The programme is structured around exams and projects.
Synonyms: Arrange, Compose, Construct, Design, Form, Organise, Order, Shape.
Something imparted, interchanged, or transmitted; communications: the means of sending messages, orders, etc.
[adjective] Forming a necessary base or core; of central importance.
[noun] A central or primary rule or principle on which something is based.
— The UN is designed to protect a number of fundamental human rights.
— Two courses cover the fundamentals of microbiology.
Synonyms: basic, rudimentary, elemental, elementary, underlying, root.
Examine (something) methodically and in detail, typically in order to explain and interpret it.
— We need to analyse our results more clearly.
Synonyms: examine, inspect, survey, scan, study, scrutinize, look over, peruse.
To form an idea about the quality of something or, the amount, number, or value of something.
Synonyms: assess, judge, estimate, appraise, analyse, examine.
It is important to have headphones so that you can listen to instructional videos at your own pace. This enables you to replay sections of a given video and focus on the pronunciation of key phrases, terms and words.